Journal Publications


  • Y. Zhang, and C. Hartzell “GTA3D: A Novel 3D Framework for Modeling Thermal Evolution and Rarefied Flows in Porous Active Small Bodies with Various Shapes”, Planetary Science Journal, 2023 Paper
  • C. Hartzell and others "Payload Concepts for Investigations of Electrostatic Dust Motion on the Lunar Surface”, Acta Astronautica, 2023. Paper
  • M. Hirabayashi and others "Electrostatic dust remediation for future space exploration of the Moon”, Acta Astronautica, 2023. Paper


  • I. Desjardin and C. Hartzell “Nonlinear spectral analysis of ion acoustic solitons arising from a streaming charged object using the numerical inverse scattering transform”, Physics of Plasmas, 2022. Paper
  • Y. Zhang and others, "Inferring interiors and structural history of top-shaped asteroids from external properties of asteroid (101955) Bennu" Nature Communications, 2022. Paper
  • J. Shannon, M. Ozimek, J.A. Atchison, C.M. Hartzell, "Rapid Design and Exploration of High-Fidelity Low-Thrust Transfers to the Moon", J. of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, 2022. Paper
  • C.M. Hartzell, M. Zimmerman, C. Hergenrother, "An Evaluation of Electrostatic Lofting and Subsequent Particle Motion on Bennu", Planetary Science Journal, 2022. Paper


  • A. Patel and C. Hartzell, "A Model to Predict the Size of Regolith Clumps on Planetary Bodies", Planetary Science Journal. 2021. Paper
  • T. Leps and C. Hartzell, "High Fidelity, Discrete Element Method Simulation of Magnetorheological Fluids Using Accurate Particle Size Distributions in LIGGGHTS Extended with Mutual Dipole Method", Materials Research Express. 2021. Paper
  • A. Truitt and C. Hartzell, "3D Kadomtsev-Petviashvili Damped Forced Ion Acoustic Solitary Waves from Orbital Debris", J. of Spacecraft and Rockets. 2021. Paper


  • D. Scheeres et al. "Heterogenous Mass Distribution of the Rubble-Pile Asteroid (101955) Bennu" Science Advances.2020. Paper
  • T. Leps, P. Glick, D. Ruffatto III, A. Parness, M. Tolley and C. Hartzell, "A Low-Power, Jamming, Magnetorheological Valve Using Electropermanent Magnets Suitable for Distributed Control in Soft Robots", Smart Materials and Structures, 2020,Paper
  • M. Hirabayashi et al. “Spin-Driven Evolution of Asteroids’ Top-Shapes at Fast and Slow Spins Seen from (101955) Bennu and (162173) Ryugu,” Icarus, 2020, Paper.
  • A. DeCicco, C. Hartzell, R.B. Adams, K.A. Polzin, T. Leps, “Performance and Characterization of a Neutral Beam Propulsion Technology Demonstrator”, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. 2020. Paper
  • D. Carter and C. Hartzell “Effect of Mixture Properties on Size-Dependent Charging of Same-Material Dielectric Grains”, J. Electrostatics. 2020. Vol 107, 103475, Paper
  • A. Truitt and C. Hartzell, “Simulating Damped Ion Acoustic Solitary Waves from Orbital Debris”, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. 2020. Paper
  • J. Shannon, M. Ozimek, J.A. Atchison, C.M. Hartzell. “Q-Law Aided Direct Trajectory Optimization of Many-Revolution Low-Thrust Orbit Transfers”, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. 2020. Paper
  • A. Truitt and C. Hartzell, “Simulating Plasma Solitons from Orbital Debris using the Forced Korteweg-de Vries Equation”, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. 2020. Paper


  • D. Carter and C.M. Hartzell. “Experimental methodology for measuring in-vacuum granular tribocharging”. Reviews of Scientific Instruments. 2019. Vol 90, 125105. Paper
  • D.S. Lauretta, C.W. Hergenrother, et al. “Episodes of Particle Ejection from the Surface of the Active Asteroid (101955) Bennu”, Science. 2019. Vol 366, eaay3544. Paper
  • C.M. Hartzell, “Dynamics of 2D Electrostatic Dust Levitation at Asteroids”, Icarus. 2019. Vol 333, pp. 234-242. Paper Model
  • C. Hergenrother et al. “The operational environment and rotational acceleration of asteroid (101955) Bennu from OSIRIS-REx observations” Nature Communications. 2019. Vol 10, 1291. Paper
  • A. DeCicco and C. Hartzell, "Design of a Gas Diffusion Neutralizer in Support of Neutral Beam Propulsion" Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. Vol 56, No. 5, 1338-1345. Paper
  • K. Walsh et al. “Craters, boulders and regolith of (101955) Bennu indicative of an old and dynamic surface” Nature Geosciences. 2019. Vol 12, 242–246. Paper
  • C. Hartzell, Y. Choi, N. Werely, T. Leps “Performance of a Magnetorheological Fluid-Based Robotic End Effector” Smart Materials and Structures. 2019. Vol 28, 035030.Paper
  • A. DeCicco, C. Hartzell, R.B. Adams, K.A. Pozin, “The Feasibility of Deflecting Asteroid 2017 PDC Using Neutral Beam Propulsion” Acta Astronautica. 2019. Vol 156, 363-370. Paper


  • M. Fries et al. “The Strata-1 Experiment on Small Body Regolith Segregation” Acta Astronautica, 2018. Vol 142, pp 87-94. Paper
  • C. Hartzell, W. Farrell and J. Marshall, “The Implications of Cohesive Regolith for Manned Phobos Exploration” Advances in Space Research. 2018. Paper
  • W. Farrell, J. Halekas, S. Fatemi, A. Poppe, C. Hartzell, J. Marshall, T. Stubbs, M. Zimmerman, Y. Zheng “Anticipated Electrical Environment at Phobos: Nominal and Solar Storm Conditions” Advances in Space Research. 2018. Paper


  • Y. Choi, C. Hartzell, and N. Wereley, “Gripping Characteristics of an Electromagnetically Activated Magnetorheological Fluid-Based Gripper” AIP Advances. 2017. Vol 8, 056701. Paper
  • D. Carter* and C. Hartzell “An Extension of Discrete Tribocharging Models to Continuous Size Distributions” Physical Review E. 2017. Vol 95, pp 012901.Paper


  • M. Zimmerman, W. Farrell, C. Hartzell, X. Wang, M. Horanyi. “Grain-scale supercharging on airless regoliths” Journal of Geophysical Research – Planets. 2016. Vol 121, pp 2150–2165.


  • C. Hartzell, X. Wang, D. Scheeres, M. Horanyi. “Experimental Demonstration of the Role of Cohesion in Electrostatic Dust Lofting” Geophysical Research Letters. 2013. Vol 40, pp 1038-1042.
  • C. Hartzell, D. Scheeres. “Dynamics of Levitating Dust Particles Near Asteroids and the Moon” Journal of Geophysical Research. 2013. Vol 118, pp 116-125.


  • C. Hartzell, D. Scheeres. “The Role of Cohesive Forces in Particle Launching on the Moon and Asteroids” Planetary and Space Sciences. 2011. Vol 59, pp 1758-1768.


  • D. Scheeres, C. Hartzell, P. Sánchez, M. Swift. “Scaling Physics to Asteroid Surfaces: The Role of Cohesion” Icarus. 2010. Vol 210, pp 968-984.


  • J.R. Masiero, C.M. Hartzell, D.J. Scheeres. “The Effect of the Dust Size Distribution on Asteroid Polarization” The Astronomical Journal. Dec. 2009. Vol 139, pp 1557-1562.